Such an arranger was called the headman, and he was responsible for everything.
The shirts were made of homemade thin cloth, which was called a hanging cloth. It was thin and very beautiful, made separately from a very beautiful yarn.
Skirts made of different floral materials are quite wide style. In front – embroidered stockings and were girded with a colorful "edge". They had shoes on their feet. In cold weather or in winter, the bride and groom wore "corsets" or "sleeveless" leibs.
The bride and groom had a tassel and a flower on the left side of a hat or cap, shirts embroidered in the Boyko style. They were dressed in chemerki or in cropped jackets. They wore boots and porticoes made of their own cloth, or boots and shorts. Behind the belt on the left side was a handkerchief in multicolored colors.
Friendship had a stick finished with a beautiful iron ax. They went to ask for a wedding the day before the wedding. The young woman with a friend, and the young man with friendship, but separately.
We entered the house, greeted: "Glory to Jesus Christ!" – and the young first: "Dad and mother asked you, and I ask you to come to the wedding." Girlfriend: "The bride asks you, and I ask you to come to the wedding."
The newlyweds and friends went to ask the day before marriage, mostly in the evening, and went singing. When they entered the house, they greeted: "Glory to Jesus Christ!" – and the young first: "Dad and mother asked you, and I ask you to come to the wedding." Friendship: "The bridegroom asks you, and I ask you to come to the wedding."
The hosts thank you for the invitation and, if it is a family or good friends of the bride or groom, they also visit.
In the same way, in the evening before the wedding, the older women, the so-called matchmakers, and the girls, who wove wreaths and at the same time sang various wedding songs – merry and sad – "arranged".
On the wedding day, both the bride and groom gathered guests, but the bride was quiet, without music.
There they dressed the bride and prepared for the arrival of the bridegroom with the boyars. The young man had a movement: musicians played, ate and gathered boyars to go or go to the bride, and from there – to the church.
In the village it was customary for each invited father of the family or one of the elders to take a chicken or a rooster under his arm and come to the wedding. Those chickens were handed over somewhere behind the barn: they were cut and cooked for the cooks. The day before the wedding, the cooks cooked veal or pork, prepared it to be ready in time.
The music consisted mainly of violin, bass, tambourine. Sometimes there were two violins. The wedding guests of the bridegroom, led by the boyars, gathered with music and walked or rode in firs (depending on how far it was) to the bride.
Before each wedding you had to have someone who knew how to lead everyone. Such an arranger was called the headman, and he was responsible for everything.
When they came or arrived in the bride’s yard, they were surprised, because the door was locked in front of them and they did not want to let them into the house. And it was here that the elder had to apply all his philosophies to convince them why they came here.
When it was agreed that the door was opened for them and the bridegroom and his boyars entered the bride’s house, there the bridegroom was again surprised.
The bride was ready for marriage and was sitting at the main table. But next to her sat one of the younger brothers or a young man from the family, who did not want to let the groom at the table to the bride.
Once again, the elder had to use his skill to convince the young man that this place belonged to the young man and that he should vacate him, obviously for ransom. The old man agrees with the young man – five, ten or fifteen, and when he comes to an agreement, the young man gives the money to the guy and he vacancies, and the young man sits down next to the young woman.
At that time, all the guests of the young man are seated at the tables, and the matchmakers sing and music is played all the time.
When they have eaten, they leave the table and gather to leave, and the elder asks the parents for a blessing three times. The parents respond, "God bless you." Matchmakers are constantly singing songs appropriate to this point. Young people kneel before their parents, and their parents bless them on their way to marriage.
Then friendship crosses the doorposts of the house with its ax and holds it in the middle of the doorpost, and the bride and groom go out under that ax to the yard. In the yard they gather led by music, and at that time the friendship sows grain and boyars with grain – mostly oats.
Then they left, and if it was far to the church, they sat on fires led by music and left for marriage. After marriage, everyone came or came to the bride’s house. The newlyweds and all the guests who came with the newlyweds from the wedding were put at the table in a place of honor.
The tables were covered with white tablecloths, and bread and bowls were placed on them. Before each was a spoon, as well as a glass of vodka. They gave soup – chicken or on the bone, well seasoned with pepper and garlic, boiled veal and chicken, as well as cabbage rolls and dumplings, broth and pork.
Music played all the time, At the tables put all the fresh guests who have not yet eaten.
Matchmakers sang songs that belonged mainly to the bride and were called "ladanka". The bride and groom, both young and young, sang such songs in a choir that the young woman had to cry, because the songs mentioned that she was saying goodbye to her mother, father and family, her friends, and so on.
When they had had enough, the young man’s guests and boyars were about to leave. Saying goodbye to the bride’s parents and guests, the bride was taken away and left or left for the bride.
In the house of the bridegroom again ceremonies: matchmakers with their songs "ladanka" and heartbreaking words in these songs, addressed to the bride, that the mother-in-law will not be like her mother’s circle, etc., and this in the bride again wiped tears from eyes. During those ceremonies, young people and guests were seated at tables, and music was played all the time.
Young people, boys and girls, often came to such weddings, although they were not invited to dance. When the feast was over and they left the tables, the young people went to dance first, and then everyone danced. Music played, and guests sang and danced.
At that time, the matchmakers were preparing the bride for "bonding". When the friendship called help with lab report writing for attention, everything calmed down. Comes after marriage the second and last most important part of the wedding ceremony: the union of the bride.
The matchmakers put a chair or a chair in the middle of the house, the bride sat down, and at the same time the matchmakers sang all the time – "fix". The bridegroom was untied braids, combed his hair and twisted on his head, more to the back, made a bang and covered with a handkerchief. Once upon a time in Mykhnivka, women had to wear a "chip" but in my memory it was no more.
After that ceremony, the musicians started playing again. Young people had the lead before the dance, and then everyone.
Guests gathered in the bride’s house, led by music, and walked or went to the bridegroom. It was called "priydanami". But whether they took this dowry with them to the young people, or whether they did so, I do not remember. When the idiots came to the young man, the feast began again. They sat at tables, gave food and drink, In the living room, if it was summer, they played two musicians – one in the house, and the other in the barn or in the yard.
They played like that until the morning. In the meantime, the young people left everything and went out unnoticed and went to sleep in the barn. That’s when the wedding is officially over.
1. History of my village. Lower Verbizh. – Kolomyia, 1999.
2. Ukrainian studies. – In 3 volumes – K., 1994-96.
History and cultural processes of Ukrainian villages on the example of Mykulychyn village
The abstract reviews the history of the village of Mykulychyn. The legend of the founding of the village, the archaeological past, the anti-feudal struggle, the existence of the village under Austrian rule, and in the interwar years
The legend of Mykulychyn. Boyar Mykola was walking with his army in the mountains. But one day Mikula was late. His enemy army surrounded him on a high mountain, surrounded him on all sides. There is no place to go.
But Mykulen’s army and Mykola himself were not afraid. They sang their patriotic songs then. Their singing, like a great thunder, rolled over all the mountains – over Hoverla, over Prut, on Prut. On all Carpathian plains. The enemy army of that singing was frightened, and their elder ordered to capture Mykola.
And the swords rattled, the cakes rattled, and the fresh blood of the enemies poured out. Mikual beats, beats, the enemy cuts into a stump, and the end of the land is not visible: there were many enemies, but Mikola was not afraid, he ran to the mountain above the river, stood over it and laughed at the enemies , and even with his teeth grind. They rushed up the mountain to him, and he killed them all.
And this mountain began to be called Mykulynka, and the village – Mykulychyn.
Archaeological past. In the 1960s and 1980s, more than 50 archeological monuments were discovered in the valley of the Upper Prut, which includes the territory of Mykulychyn and its settlements, which allow us to recreate the history of this territory over the past 40,000 years. The oldest traces of life date back to 40,000 years ago, when a small number of Neanderthal people lived here, characterized by short stature, arms bent at the elbows and knees, no chin, large eyebrow arches under the sloping forehead.
From the end of the Paleolithic to the beginning of the Mesolithic, numerous finds come from the tracts of Klivka and Chop, Tsaryna, Polyana, and Zhbir. The finds are represented by long prismatic nuclei, scrapers, incisors, arrowheads in the form of willow leaves.
The population of the Paleolithic and Mesolithic times was primarily engaged in hunting, eating the meat of wild animals, dressing in leather. They lived in small tribal groups in wooden-built sabbaths covered with mammoth skins. The following traces of human life in the valley of the Upper Prut have been recorded since the times of Kievan Rus.
Antifeudal struggle. From the seventeenth century there are the first data on the population of Mykuychin and all its large settlements. At that time there were 86 houses with 473 people. There were 3.5 fields and 60 head of cattle in Mykulychyna and Yamna.
Every week for the Belzetsky magnates they worked 1-2 days of foot or traction serfdom, often worked in the maintenance of yards, construction of castle fortifications, took part in family wars of feudal lords. The anti-feudal movement began spontaneously, regardless of the general political circumstances, in the hope of its own strength, which qualitatively distinguishes it from the peasant demonstrations of 1648 in the vicinity of Delyatyn. This movement was called opryshkivstva.
The first leader of the opryshki.